The development of China’s elevator and purchasing trend in 2015
The elevator industry overview
After 60 years of development, China’s elevator industry elevator enterprises from scratch, from small scale production to become the world’s biggest elevator manufacturing power and use of power. The elevator production ownership can reach one million m.
Elevator industry development, and national economic development and the development of the real estate market have inseparable relationship, after the reform and opening, the productivity of China elevator has achieved one hundred times to the present, the growth of supply reached 50 times of growth. Is expected in 2014 about 540000 sets of annual production and sales of elevator, essentially flat with 2013, continue to lead the world’s most advanced production country in Europe and America.
At present, although a lot of business license has been more than 7 m/S or speed, but the elevator is mainly made in China under 5.0 m/S passenger elevator, all kinds of cargo elevator, under 2.5 m/S sightseeing elevator, domestic for private use of the medical bed elevators, escalators, automatic sidewalks, villa home elevator, special elevator etc.
A, domestic and foreign development situation and present situation of the lift
Since the birth of the world’s first elevator has been more than one hundred years, China’s elevator already has more than 60 years of production history.
The elevator in the world at present is mainly Europe and the United States, and China occupied 90% of the world’s markets, well-known brands abroad mainly include the Otis, schindler, Switzerland, Germany thyssenkrupp, Finland kone, Japan’s mitsubishi and Japan Hitachi and so on six big brand, the largest share of the possession, these enterprises in the international high-end market in particular. And has been exclusive high-speed elevator market.
China’s production and marketing of elevator in the 21st century to become the world’s first big country, but China elevator has been mainly supply domestic low-end market, every 500000 elevators in China at present, the six foreign brands in China joint venture manufacturing elevator sales of more than half of the domestic market share, and other five or six hundreds of domestic elevator enterprises occupied the remaining half of the market, the proportion is equivalent to a hundreds of domestic enterprises and foreign brands of a joint venture enterprise production and sales volume.
Listed on the shenzhen stock exchange in China since the homelite elevator, the elevator machine manufacturing enterprises of the listed company has reached four, they are: suzhou homelite elevator, suzhou jiangnan jia jie elevator, shenyang bolling, elevator, guangzhou yunda shares; Elevator components listed companies are: the Yangtze river in and inovance rt mart, mechanical and electrical.
China’s domestic four listed companies in the domestic elevator market, about a quarter, probably share about annual sales of 150000 units; Home is close to 600 other elevator companies (including enterprise name similar foreign elevator manufacturing company) to share the rest of the 10-150000 about the elevator market, the average annual sales of 200 units, the largest sales in 15000, probably the smallest sales more than 20 sales in 2014 years, probably.
Data analysis, the United States Otis, schindler, Switzerland, Germany thyssenkrupp, Finland kone, Japan’s mitsubishi six big brands sold in China and Japan Hitachi 250000-300000; Suzhou homelite elevator, suzhou jiangnan jia jie elevator, shenyang bolling, elevator, guangzhou yunda shares annual sales total 150000 units; Other companies selling 10-150000.
In all of China’s elevator classification, passenger elevator sales accounted for the lion’s share, is about 70% of the total sales, about 380000 or so, the second is the freight elevator and escalator occupy 20%, the remaining 10% is sightseeing elevator, medical bed elevator and elevator villa.
Second, the characteristics of elevator technology at home and abroad
The characteristic of the technology of the elevator on the elevator market in the world, all give priority to with passenger elevator technology. The passenger elevator technology to high-speed elevator technology to control the elevator in the high-end market. The speed of the highest in the world today the elevator is 28.5 m/s, equivalent to 102 km/h; Domestic elevator is mature technology of top speed of 7.0 m/s, the equivalent of 25 kilometers per hour.
2.1, the longest elevator technology research in the world
Of elevator technology research for the longest in the world is the high-rise building fire evacuation elevator technology. The technology research began in 1970, has been studied 45 years, researchers in Europe and the United States and Japan have no substantive breakthrough.
2.2 one of the fastest growing technology in the world
Elevator technology is one of the fastest growing global microcomputer control VVVF frequency conversion technology, in the 1990 s, after the application is currently almost all vertical elevator adopts microcomputer control and VVVF frequency conversion technology.
2.3 the fantasy of elevator technology
The world’s fantasy of elevator technology is from the earth to the space station’s elevator and elevator technology of the earth to the moon.
2.4 in the next five years is most likely comprehensive promotion of elevator in China
Most likely to promote the elevator technology in China, is the elevator energy saving energy storage and uninterrupted power supply technology, the elevator conforms to the state council, the state energy development strategy in 2014-2020 action plan, after the promotion, the elevator energy saving will be contributing to the plan of the three gorges project, a generation of energy saving (elevator energy-saving, comprehensive promotion energy saving for five years to reach 150 billion degrees Celsius). Another characteristic is that the technologies can be included with the elevator uninterruptible power supply function, can continue to normal use more than an hour after a power outage. The technology by suzhou cloud can electric co., LTD. Of patents, and has already begun to form a complete set in some suhu elevator enterprises.
2.5 in the next decade is most likely the application of Chinese elevator technology in the world
Over the next decade the world’s most possible application of the elevator and technology of China is the high-rise building fire evacuation elevator system technology. Building in the world more and more high, the tallest building in dubai khalifa 828 meters; At present China Shanghai Shanghai tower is as high as 632 meters; 10 tallest buildings in the world, China is now the seven. And around the world because of the technology developed for more than 40 years, Europe and the United States and Japan have no substantive breakthrough, while China’s elevator companies have successfully developed and tested successfully. Successfully solved the lift shaft stack effect layer and the elevator door, elevator summon refractory refractory technology, shaft monitoring technology, sensor technology, etc. The technology is wesson elevator since the fourth generation machineroomless elevator after a new contribution, there are four elevator enterprise implementation of the test. Similar on November 15, 2010, Shanghai jiaozhou road fire 58 people of high-rise building fire will be able through the elevator evacuation.
Three, in 2015 China elevator enterprise development trend
Elevator enterprises in China in 2015 will be fully differentiation, the official start of the large enterprises will continue to expand, small business will be more difficult to survive, in 2015 will be a turning point in China elevator enterprise development.
In 2015, China will have a new elevator companies listed, and at the same time also will reduce the number of manufacturing companies for the first time, at the end of 2015 is expected to have 8-15% elevator is enterprise mergers and acquisitions or closure, expect the national elevator can’t more than 550 enterprises, and may even at about 500.
Elevator enterprises in China in 2015 will continue to pursue improve the speed of elevator, is expected to Chinese companies in 2015 eight to 10 m/S speed elevators constantly by testing, and China’s high-speed elevator applications will also be entered a substantive stage, 4 to 6 m/S speed also will begin to install and use more native elevators.
In 2015 China elevator energy-saving technologies will be improving, energy feedback and emergency flat layer will be phased out energy storage + uninterruptible power supply system; The elevator monitoring technology to apply more; The elevator testing tower will be built and used for a variety of more elevator testing; High-rise building fire evacuation elevator system will have more than one elevator enterprise test tower mounted test; No elevator of power supply will be testing the elevator manufacturing enterprises in China.
Fourth, China elevator for the future development prospect
4.1 from the generic follow into the following and independent creation stage
China’s elevator industry development has experienced the start, imitation, follow and create multiple stages, is currently in the following and independent create hand in hand.
In developing the elevator imitation and follow the two main mark is VVVF elevator and fourth-generation machineroomless elevator, at present all vertical elevator is essentially VVVF elevator, machineroomless except kone elevator are the fourth generation machineroomless elevator. These two kinds of technology is a kind of foreign VVVF elevator technology imitation and follow, and the fourth generation machineroomless elevator is one of China’s wesson development comprehensively the followed by the elevator.
The next leg of the development of Chinese elevator will enter a new stage, is to follow the development of the world’s elevator, created in China and the elevator.
Beyond the elevator foreign technology at present mainly high-rise building fire evacuation elevator system and elevator energy-saving energy storage with elevator elevator technology uninterrupted power supply function. This is two more than the United States, Europe and Japan the advanced technology, will rewrite the elevator development history in the world. And will be in the next five to ten years fully used in the elevator. The high-rise building fire evacuation elevator systems has been the world such as the United States Otis elevator well-known enterprises.
Elevator in the future will change not only the speed, the progress of the parts will be the first is a trend, such as phone and wireless intercom change from five side become video intercom; From simple to monitor all changes to multiple elevator video monitoring; From the elevator power failure emergency flat layer can change for the normal operation of the elevator after blackout elevator uninterrupted power supply; Change from energy feedback device for energy storage recycle device; From the fire can’t change for the elevator evacuation escape elevator, etc…
4.2 the problems existing in the elevator industry
But also in the development of China’s elevator industry there are serious problems, the first is the management problem, and the key to management is the industry association. Industry association did not actively guide the elevator industry for many years to create to development in China, to the innovation enterprise not give support and care, and a member of the association are mostly…… only trust foreign brands and technology; Followed by regulators, while the regulatory reforms, but regulation is only theory, and although in the national standard of GB7588-2003 requires two-way security systems, has yet to actually do it strictly, it’s a matter and the relaxation of the management of inspection specifications. And the management just doing the articles from the threshold of the enterprise, but neglected the innovation need to give support. A third is the problems existing in the elevator industry itself, in the development of old enterprises, the current focus on research and development on warm put too little, so there are a few small companies in the stage of imitation. And elevator industry enterprises in China, only got out of the imitation of those enterprises development, the development of innovative enterprises is faster. Its 4 maintenance power is to install the severity shortage, the current domestic elevator 50-600000 years of growth, according to the development of the need to increase to 2 to 30000 people a year maintenance, and installation personnel also need to increase each year about ten thousand people, is increased the total installation maintenance in three to forty thousand people, and the actual 2014 new installation maintenance personnel is not more than 10000 people, installation and maintenance personnel at the end of 2014, gap of up to 50000 people. Which caused the elevator installation supervision and guidance is not enough, lack of maintenance personnel, so as to affect the quality and safety of elevator running. Five elevator industry is lack of professional personnel training, at present the elevator has reached more than five hundred thousand sets of production, and now in addition to suzhou have a bliss, across the country are no elevator professional colleges and universities. For various reasons, one is the elevator the lack of professional teachers, the second is the elevator enterprise’s technical staff did not have a good level go up to the teacher. Its six is insufficient recognition of the financial capital of elevator industry, especially in VC and PE are unfamiliar to the elevator industry, more no VC in the elevator industry in the capital, to raise the level of technology and the development level of domestic small and medium-sized enterprises.
For industry development, we must to analyze objectively, must find out the problem, which can solve the problem and gain development. But the management of elevator industry and enterprises are difficult to objectively to analyze the current industry situation and facing problems to solve. It takes a few years or even more than ten years to step by step to solve, but resolved first will get first which enterprise development. While China elevator truly from the elevator power to elevator power, from elevator to elevator created in China, made in China need relevant departments to adjust thinking more, support the development of the industry.
Five, in 2015 China elevator production purchasing trends
In 2015 China’s elevator purchasing will be about 50-550000, and 2014 basic keep the purchase quantity, also the elevator industry rapid development since the first year without a substantial increase.
Elevator procurement will also be vertical elevator is given priority to, the proportion of ordinary vertical elevator and machineroomless elevator is about 5 to 1, 2015, the year of the vertical elevator purchasing amount in about 30-330000, including machineroomless elevator in about 60000 units. Medical bed elevator national purchasing in about 3-50000, escalator procurement in the absence of roughly ten thousand units, freight elevator purchasing probably around 60000 units, villa elevator purchase probably around 10000 units.
Look from the speed of vertical elevator purchasing, 2015 major procurement vertical elevator will be 1.75 to 2.5 M/S is given priority to, is expected to account for seven layers of the total, will account for ten percent, below the speed higher than 2.5 M/S probably accounted for twenty percent.
From the cargo elevators, mainly 2000 kg load elevator is given priority to, will account for eighty percent of the total, more than two tons load of elevators are mainly distributed in 3 tons and 5 tons, has a small elevator demand in 10 tons.
Look from the escalators and moving sidewalks, will also give priority to with public transport type, mainly used in railway station, bus station, airport, railway station and other places. Followed by stores in the business ladder.
Villa elevator will appear differentiation in 2015, low number of elevators will be reduced, and the comfort of villa villa elevator and practical platform for the wheelchair elevator will grow.
In terms of government procurement, in 2015 by the state council of the national action plan for energy development strategy, the effect of energy saving elevator procurement will gradually increase.
From the aspects of purchasing the brand analysis, six major brands abroad will dominate, followed by the domestic listed companies brand, a third is domestic second-tier brands elevators. For unknown brands or abuse the name of the enterprise will survive in 2015 will be difficult, the enterprise survival difficult include no enterprise has its own installation personnel and service personnel.
Six, the elevator industry development
In the continuous development of China elevator industry, has become the elevator production and marketing the first largest country in the world. But we can’t become the elevator power, the elevator power is China elevator goals. We need the management to improve the management level and safe development ability, also need the elevator enterprises improve the understanding of development and innovation consciousness, and personnel engaged in elevator industry also need to improve their own level and ability. The elevator industry must accept new technology and new thinking to have development.
For the elevator industry development, the main or elevator enterprises.
Elevator enterprises should keep pace with national economic development speed and steps of the world science and technology development, enterprise can survive and develop.
In the next few years until 2020, the first elevator enterprises according to the situation and the national development strategy set their own development plan, and implement step by step. Emphasis on national development strategy, has been from promote the development of the real estate market to the real estate market steady development. From promoting to steadily, to the real estate market in China is actually a the beginning of the transformation, so that demand for elevator always significantly enhance also won’t have in the past ten years. So in the future is to keep the market share of first, second is to improve the product quality and enterprise reputation, third is the application of new technology with national strategy and the development of science and technology in the world.
Actually lift the development history of one thousand years ago in China Wells with wheeled motor drive to form the elevator, the elevator after a transistor is the safety control, then raised the speed of the elevator control of PLC, the birth of the microcomputer with VVVF elevator. So the elevator industry development must be combined with modern science and technology, elevator technology is won’t be able to improve.
Our elevator enterprises must absorb the trace elements in modern science and technology development, hence leading to the healthy growth of your business.
Investment in technology is in the next few years the elevator industry development must, only from the technical input can make the enterprise impregnable. And at the same time also need to investment in technology investment and attract talent.
Elevator enterprise leadership must get inspiration in the market development, enrich themselves with their own enterprise, introduction and training talents is the path of development must, no talent will not be able to improve the competitiveness of the enterprises.
In the development of China elevator industry, elevator technology not only the speed increase, from manufacturing technology to the parts as well as the application of science and technology are the elevator technology. We need to do all aspects.
China elevator has been beyond the foreign technology of the fourth generation machineroomless elevator, and now there are more than Europe and the United States of the high-rise building fire evacuation elevator, so China elevator technology has a new competitiveness in the world. The key lies in us to apply new technology, and is no longer as the fourth generation machineroomless elevator for free for you to use of high-rise building fire evacuation elevator patents, don’t wait to buy American Otis to seriously, this is our China elevator developing should be considered.
We are looking forward to the elevator industry to the next level, expect China elevator safer and more secure.
(reprint must indicate the source and the author in this paper. Author: Yao Yong its origin: China elevator network